Titanium: definition, grades, applications, strength and cost

Titanium is a strong, lightweight metal known for its exceptional corrosion resistance and high strength-to-weight ratio, making it an ideal material for various high-performance applications. Titanium has a silvery-gray appearance and is often used in industries requiring durability and low weight. The top five features of titanium include its excellent corrosion resistance, high tensile strength, […]


Aluminum: definition, types, applications, strengths and cost

Aluminum is a widely utilized metal known for its excellent strength, ductility, strength-to-weight ratio, and corrosion resistance. It was discovered in 1808 by Humphry Davy but was not refined and mass-produced until 1888. Aluminum became indispensable across various industries due to its versatility and desirable properties including its lightweight nature, high strength-to-weight ratio, excellent corrosion […]

Carbon fiber bike material

Carbon fiber: definition, properties, strength and cost

Carbon fiber, known for its remarkable strength-to-weight ratio, is a composite material consisting of thin, strong crystalline filaments of carbon used to strengthen the material. Carbon fibers are typically combined with other materials to form a composite. When impregnated with a plastic resin and baked, it forms a carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer, which is extremely strong yet […]

Gravel bike

Gravel bike: what is it, how to select and maintain

Gravel biking has rapidly gained popularity across North America, Europe, and Australia, where diverse landscapes and a growing network of gravel and mixed-terrain routes invite adventurous riding. Leading gravel bike brands like Specialized with their Diverge series, Cannondale’s Topstone, and Trek’s Checkpoint, all offer models made from durable materials such as carbon fiber and aluminum, […]

Mountain bike

Mountain bike: what is it, how to select and maintain

Mountain biking has surged in popularity across North America, Europe, and Australia, where diverse landscapes offer ideal terrains for this adventurous sport. Leading brands like Trek, Specialized, and Giant dominate the market, offering models crafted from durable materials such as carbon fiber and aluminum, designed to tackle the rigorous demands of off-road trails. These brands […]

Road bike

Road bike: what is it, how to select and maintain

Road biking enjoys immense popularity globally, especially in Europe, North America, and Australia, where enthusiasts and professionals embrace it for fitness, commuting, and competitive racing. Among the top brands that stand out for their quality and innovation are Trek, Specialized, and Giant, offering models that range from entry-level to professional, crafted from advanced materials like […]

22 Types of bikes

22 Types of bikes: how do they vary and how to choose

The types of bikes that dominate today’s market—road bikes, mountain bikes (MTBs), hybrid bikes, electric bikes (e-bikes), and gravel/adventure bikes—reflect a blend of performance, versatility, and technological advancement. These bike types not only cater to a broad spectrum of cycling preferences on different terrains and conditions, but also highlight the industry’s response to growing demands […]

Bike brands list

Bike brands list: A to Z, by continents, countries and categories

The bicycle’s inception traces back to the early 19th century as a simple wooden frame without pedals, evolving into pedal-driven versions later in the century; similarly, bike brands began as small workshops, growing into globally recognized names as the bicycle’s popularity surged, reflecting the innovation and diversification of cycling over the years. Our guide to […]

Bike materials

Bike materials: common types, how to choose and how materials performance

Bike materials play a crucial role in determining bicycle performance, durability, and cost, with the most common types including aluminum, steel, chromoly steel, titanium, and carbon fiber. These materials are selected based on their unique properties to suit different cycling disciplines, from lightweight carbon fiber frames favored in professional road racing to durable chromoly steel […]

Bike manufacturing

Bike manufacturing: What is it, process, cost, major countries and regions

Bicycle manufacturing is a specialized segment of the broader manufacturing industry, where the relationship is defined by the application of specific labor, machinery, tools, and material processing techniques to transform raw materials into functional and often innovative bicycles. This sector of the bicycle industry is a dynamic component of the global market, relying on advanced […]