Gravel bike: what is it, how to select and maintain

Gravel biking has rapidly gained popularity across North America, Europe, and Australia, where diverse landscapes and a growing network of gravel and mixed-terrain routes invite adventurous riding. Leading gravel bike brands like Specialized with their Diverge series, Cannondale’s Topstone, and Trek’s Checkpoint, all offer models made from durable materials such as carbon fiber and aluminum, designed to tackle varying surfaces with agility and comfort. These gravel bikes blend the best features of road and mountain bikes, providing cyclists with the versatility to explore beyond paved roads, making gravel bikes a favorite choice for riders seeking to combine fitness with the spirit of adventure.

To select the right gravel bike, first choose a frame size that matches your height and inseam for optimal comfort and efficiency, because proper bike fit is crucial for long rides on mixed terrains. Then Opt for flare handlebars because they offer wider hand positioning, enhancing control and reducing fatigue on rough surfaces. For maintaining a gravel bike, regularly clean and lubricate the chain and gear system to ensure smooth shifting and prevent wear, particularly important as gravel bikes often encounter dust and mud. Check tire pressure frequently, adjusting it based on terrain to avoid punctures and to optimize performance, essential for the varied surfaces encountered in gravel biking.

In this article, we will explain the types of gravel bikes, when to use the bike, what type of gear systems is the best for gravel biking, the essential accessories, how to fit and maintain a gravel bike with further upgrade potential, and how to clean the bike after gravel riding.

Table of Contents

What is a gravel bike?

Gravel bike is a versatile hybrid type of bike between road bikes and mountain bikes, emerged as a distinct category in the early 2000s in the United States, tailored for riders who crave the ability to explore beyond paved surfaces. They feature a more relaxed geometry than road bikes for better comfort on long rides, wider tire clearance for handling mixed terrains, and durability akin to mountain bikes, quickly gaining popularity, especially in North America. These gravel bikes have been officially recognized in competitive cycling by the UCI, which has led to the inclusion of gravel racing events, demonstrating their growing influence in the global cycling community.

What are the types of gravel bikes?

The types of gravel bikes include adventure gravel bikes, racing gravel bikes, e-gravel bikes, and bikepacking gravel bikes, each designed to suit different aspects of gravel riding and terrain challenges.

  1. Adventure Gravel Bikes: These are equipped with features like wider tires, lower gearing, and sometimes even light suspension systems to handle rough and variable terrains, making them ideal for riders looking to explore off-road trails and rugged paths.
  2. Racing Gravel Bikes: Optimized for speed and efficiency on gravel roads, these bikes have a more aggressive geometry, lighter frames, and narrower tires compared to their adventure counterparts, focusing on performance during gravel races and long-distance rides.
  3. E-Gravel Bikes: Incorporating electric motors to assist pedaling, e-gravel bikes extend the riding range and reduce fatigue, making gravel cycling accessible to a broader range of riders and allowing them to tackle challenging climbs and longer rides more comfortably.
  4. Bikepacking Gravel Bikes: Specifically designed for long-distance tours and carrying heavier loads, these bikes feature robust frames with multiple attachment points for racks and bags, stable geometries, and durable components to support multi-day adventures and self-supported expeditions.

What are the types of Gravel bikes

What are the features of gravel bikes?

Gravel bikes feature versatile geometry, wider tires, multiple mounting options for bikepacking, flared handlebars, and often come with disc brakes, each tailored to enhance their adaptability across various terrains.

  1. Versatile Geometry: Gravel bikes are designed with a geometry that strikes a balance between stability and comfort, making them suitable for long rides and capable of handling both paved roads and rough trails efficiently.
  2. Wider Tires: Typically ranging from 35mm to 45mm, these wider tires provide increased traction and comfort, allowing for lower tire pressures that absorb road vibrations and handle uneven surfaces better.
  3. Multiple Mounting Options: These bikes often feature various mounting points on the frame and fork, enabling riders to attach racks, panniers, and other gear necessary for bikepacking and extended adventures.
  4. Flared Handlebars: Flared handlebars offer a wider grip at the base than at the top, improving control and stability on rough terrain and providing more room for handlebar-mounted bags.
  5. Disc Brakes: Almost universally equipped with disc brakes, gravel bikes benefit from their reliable stopping power in all weather conditions, which is crucial for the unpredictable surfaces encountered in gravel riding.

What are the features of gravel bikes

What are the materials of gravel bikes?

The materials used in gravel bikes, such as aluminum, carbon fiber, titanium, and steel, each bring distinct properties that influence the performance and comfort of the bike:

  1. Aluminum Gravel Bikes: Aluminum is favored for its balance of lightness and strength, making it a cost-effective option for gravel bikes. It offers a stiffer ride, which translates to efficient power transfer, though it can sometimes result in a harsher feel on rougher terrain, making it well-suited for riders looking for a robust, budget-friendly option.
  2. Carbon Fiber Gravel Bikes: Carbon fiber is chosen for its high stiffness-to-weight ratio, allowing for the construction of lighter gravel bikes that can absorb road vibrations better. This material is ideal for reducing fatigue on long rides and for riders who prioritize comfort and performance in a lightweight package.
  3. Titanium Gravel Bikes: Titanium frames are highly prized in gravel biking for their exceptional durability and comfort. They offer a natural flex that can effectively absorb vibrations, providing a supremely smooth ride. Titanium is also corrosion-resistant, appealing to riders who want a durable, “forever” bike for endless adventures.
  4. Steel Gravel Bikes: Steel is revered for its toughness and the smooth riding experience it offers, thanks to its natural ability to absorb shocks. Although heavier, steel frames are incredibly durable and deliver a classic feel, making them a favored choice for adventure and bikepacking gravel bikes where reliability is key.

What are the materials of gravel bikes

What are the advantages of gravel bikes?

Gravel bikes offer several advantages, including versatility, comfort, durability, and the ability to carry loads, which are inherent to their design features tailored for both on and off-road riding.

  1. Versatility: Gravel bikes are designed to handle a variety of surfaces, from paved roads to gravel paths and even light trails. This versatility makes them an excellent choice for riders who enjoy exploring different terrains without the need for multiple bikes.
  2. Comfort: With frame geometries that promote a more upright riding position compared to road bikes, gravel bikes reduce rider fatigue and increase comfort over long distances. This is further enhanced by wider tires that provide better cushioning and stability on rough surfaces.
  3. Durability: Constructed to endure the rigors of off-road riding, gravel bikes feature robust frames and components. Materials like steel and aluminum, often used in their construction, contribute to a bike that can withstand harsh conditions and require less frequent repairs.
  4. Load Carrying Capacity: Gravel bikes often come equipped with multiple mounting points for racks and panniers, making them ideal for bikepacking adventures and long-distance tours. This capability allows riders to carry all necessary gear for extended trips in the wilderness or for commuting.

What are the advantages of gravel bikes

What are the disadvantages of gravel bikes?

Gravel bikes have several disadvantages, including weight, cost, and less specialization for extreme terrains, which stem from their hybrid nature and design features intended for versatility.

  1. Weight: Due to their robust construction needed to handle varied terrains, gravel bikes are typically heavier than road bikes. This increased weight can affect acceleration and climbing efficiency, making them less nimble on strictly paved surfaces.
  2. Cost: Gravel bikes often come with higher price tags due to their specialized features such as wider tires, additional mounting points, and often higher-quality components designed for durability. This can make them a significant investment compared to more basic bike models.
  3. Less Specialization for Extreme Terrains: While gravel bikes are highly versatile, they are not optimized for the most extreme conditions. For example, they are not as efficient as road bikes on smooth tarmac nor as capable as mountain bikes on very rough, technical trails. This lack of specialization can be a drawback for riders who frequently encounter such extremes.
  4. Compromised Aerodynamics: The same features that offer comfort and control on mixed terrains, like wider tires and an upright riding position, also result in less aerodynamic efficiency. This can be a disadvantage in situations where speed and riding against the wind are factors.

What are the disadvantages of gravel bikes

What are the latest technologies in gravel bike design?

The latest technologies in gravel bike design include advanced frame geometry for improved comfort and efficiency, integrated suspension systems such as short-travel forks or rear shocks to better handle rough terrain, tubeless tire setups for reduced punctures and smoother rides, and increasingly widespread use of electronic shifting for precise and effortless gear changes. These innovations are focused on enhancing the versatility and capability of gravel bikes, making them suitable for a broader range of terrains and more appealing to a wider audience of cyclists.

When to use a gravel bike?

A gravel bike is ideally used in the following four categories:

  1. Mixed-Surface Rides: Gravel bikes excel on routes that combine paved roads, gravel paths, and dirt tracks, providing the versatility to transition smoothly between different types of surfaces without sacrificing comfort or performance.
  2. Gravel Racing: Many cycling events now feature gravel races, which involve long distances on predominantly gravel and dirt roads. The gravel bike’s design for speed and endurance makes it perfect for competing in these events.
  3. Bikepacking: With their ability to carry heavy loads and their robust construction, gravel bikes are excellent for bikepacking adventures. They can handle both the weight of the gear and the variety of terrain that one might encounter on multi-day cycling trips.
  4. Commuting: For commuters who travel over a mix of terrain types, including rough city roads or unpaved park paths, gravel bikes offer a durable and comfortable option, equipped to handle obstacles better than traditional road bikes.

What is the point of a gravel bike?

The point of a gravel bike is to provide a versatile, all-in-one cycling solution that combines the speed and efficiency of a road bike with the ruggedness and durability of a mountain bike, featuring wider tires, a more comfortable geometry, and multiple attachment points for gear, making it ideal for riders who want to explore a variety of terrains from paved roads to gravel paths and light trails.

Is a gravel bike good for road riding?

Yes, a gravel bike is good for road riding because its design offers a comfortable ride with features like wider tires and a relaxed geometry that absorb road vibrations effectively when riding on paved surfaces, but it may not be as fast or efficient as a dedicated road bike due to its slightly heavier build and less aerodynamic positioning.

What is the difference between a gravel bike and a normal bike?

Below is a detailed comparison table highlighting the differences between a gravel bike and a normal bike (considering a typical road bike as a “normal” bike). This comparison highlights that while both gravel and road bikes are designed for cycling efficiency, their specific features cater to different types of riding experiences—gravel bikes for versatility and adaptability across various terrains, and road bikes for optimal performance on paved roads.

FeatureGravel BikeRoad Bike
Frame GeometryRelaxed with a longer wheelbase and taller head tube for stability and comfort on mixed terrains.Aggressive and aerodynamic, optimized for speed and efficiency on smooth, paved surfaces.
Tire WidthWider tires, typically 35mm to 45mm, sometimes wider, to provide better traction and comfort on rough surfaces.Narrower tires, usually 23mm to 28mm, designed for speed and lower rolling resistance on roads.
HandlebarsOften equipped with flared handlebars to offer better control and comfort over rough terrains.Standard drop bars that prioritize aerodynamic positioning and speed.
GearingFeatures a wide range of gears to handle steep, rough terrains and long distances with variable inclines.Typically has higher, tighter gearing suitable for maintaining high speeds on flat or rolling terrain.
Frame MaterialBuilt robustly to handle diverse terrains, using materials like steel, aluminum, or carbon fiber for durability.Often lighter materials like high-modulus carbon fiber or lightweight alloys for speed and quick handling.
SuspensionSome models include light suspension or vibration-damping features to tackle rougher paths.Generally no suspension, focusing on stiffness and lightweight for increased responsiveness.
Mounting OptionsMultiple mounting points for racks, fenders, and other gear, making it suitable for touring and bikepacking.Fewer or no mounting options, as road bikes are designed for lighter, speed-focused rides without much cargo.

What is the difference between a gravel bike and a normal bike

What are some popular gravel biking events or competitions?

Popular gravel biking events and competitions include:

  1. Dirty Kanza (Unbound Gravel) – Held in Kansas, USA, this is one of the most well-known gravel races, challenging participants with 200 miles of Flint Hills gravel.
  2. The Mid South – Taking place in Oklahoma, USA, it mixes red dirt roads with gravel for a unique racing experience.
  3. Belgian Waffle Ride – A series of events in the USA that mix road, gravel, and even single-track sections.
  4. Grinduro – A unique format that blends gravel road race and mountain biking enduro that’s popular in locations like California, Scotland, and Canada.
  5. Transcontinental Race – Although primarily a road event, it includes significant sections of gravel and unpaved roads across Europe, testing riders’ endurance and self-sufficiency over extreme distances.

How to ride a gravel bike?

To ride a gravel bike effectively, focus on mastering skills such as maintaining a relaxed but controlled grip on flared handlebars for better stability, using your body to absorb shocks on uneven terrain, practicing gear shifts to navigate variable surfaces efficiently, and developing confidence in handling the bike’s wider tires at different speeds, especially when transitioning between paved roads and gravel paths.

How to select a gravel bike?

To select a gravel bike, one should consider several key features as below. By assessing each of these features, you can choose a gravel bike that is well-suited to your specific riding style and the types of terrains you aim to explore.

  1. Wider Tires: Opt for tires that are wide enough to provide stability and comfort on rough surfaces, typically ranging from 35mm to 45mm. Wider tires can absorb more bumps and are less prone to punctures, essential for varied gravel terrains.
  2. Geometry: Choose a geometry that offers a good balance between stability and agility. Gravel bikes generally have a longer wheelbase and a slacker head angle than road bikes, which helps maintain control on loose surfaces while still being efficient on longer rides.
  3. Frame: Look for a frame that matches your intended use, with carbon fiber offering lightness and vibration damping, aluminum providing durability and cost-effectiveness, and steel known for its toughness and ride quality.
  4. Handlebar and Stem: Select a handlebar with a flare that suits your shoulder width and comfort preferences, as flared bars increase control on descents and rough tracks. The stem length should complement the bike’s geometry to help optimize handling.
  5. Gearing: Ensure the bike has a gearing range suitable for the terrain you plan to tackle, with options for low gears to climb steep trails and higher gears for speed on flat sections. Consider models with a wide-range cassette and possibly a compact crankset.
  6. Suspension: If your gravel routes include particularly rough trails, consider a bike with suspension features—either a full suspension setup or a front suspension fork, or models equipped with vibration-damping technologies like seatpost and stem suspensions.
  7. Bikepacking: If you’re planning multi-day adventures, ensure the bike is capable of carrying heavy loads comfortably. Look for a bike with geometry optimized for loaded riding and stability when fully packed.
  8. Frame Mounts: Make sure the frame has adequate mounts for water bottles, racks, and fenders, which are crucial for bikepacking and long-distance tours. The more versatile the mounting options, the better the bike can be adapted to various biking needs.

How to select a gravel bike

What is the best gravel bike for a beginner?

The best gravel bike for a beginner generally features an aluminum frame, which offers a great balance between durability, comfort, and affordability. Aluminum is lighter than steel but typically more cost-effective than carbon fiber, making it an ideal choice for those just starting out with gravel biking. For purchasing, beginners should look for local bike shops where they can receive personalized advice and potentially test ride different models, or explore reputable online bike retailers that offer detailed specifications and sizing guides to help make an informed decision. This approach ensures that new riders can find a bike that fits well, handles comfortably, and suits their budget, all of which are crucial for a positive introduction to gravel biking.

What size gravel bike do I need?

The correct gravel bike size depends on your height and inseam length, as these dimensions determine the frame size that will offer the most comfort and efficiency while riding. Generally, bike manufacturers provide size charts that match your height to the appropriate frame size, ranging from extra small to extra large. To ensure the best fit, it’s essential to test ride the bike if possible, or consult with a professional at a local bike shop who can recommend adjustments to the handlebar and seat positions that refine the fit, enhancing your overall control and comfort on various terrains. This personalized approach helps align the bike’s specifications with your body’s proportions and riding style, ensuring a smoother, more enjoyable gravel biking experience.

Gravel bike size chart

Gravel bike size chart is as belwo, which provides a general guideline for selecting the appropriate gravel bike frame size based on your height. It’s important to also consider other factors such as inseam length and reach, which can affect overall comfort and efficiency. A test ride or consultation with a bike fitting expert can help refine your choice for the best personal fit.

Height (in)Height (cm)Gravel Frame Size (cm)
4’10” – 5’2″147 – 15748 – 49
5’2″ – 5’6″157 – 16849 – 50
5’3″ – 5’6″160 – 16850 – 52
5’6″ – 5’9″168 – 17552 – 54
5’9″ – 6’0″175 – 18354 – 56
6’0″ – 6’3″183 – 19056 – 58
6’3″ – 6’6″190 – 19858 – 60, 61 – 62

Gravel bike size chart

Men’s gravel bike

A men’s gravel bike is designed with a frame geometry optimized for male riders, featuring slightly longer top tubes and broader handlebars to accommodate typically larger body dimensions, equipped with versatile gearing and robust tires that allow for efficient riding over mixed terrains such as paved roads, gravel paths, and light trails, making it an ideal choice for adventure cycling and endurance riding.

Women’s gravel bike

A women’s gravel bike is tailored specifically to female riders, with a frame geometry that often includes a shorter top tube and adjusted handlebar reach to better fit a typically shorter torso and arm length, equipped with narrower handlebars and a wider saddle, ensuring enhanced comfort and control across diverse terrains, from smooth pavements to challenging gravel paths.

How to measure a gravel bike?

To measure a gravel bike, assess the frame size by measuring the length of the seat tube from the center of the bottom bracket to the top of the seat tube, determine the top tube length for reach, and evaluate the standover height to ensure you have adequate clearance above the frame when standing, as these dimensions are critical for ensuring a comfortable and efficient riding position tailored to your body size and riding style.

What kind of terrain is good for gravel bikes?

Mixed-surface terrain, including light trails, gravel paths, and paved roads, is good for gravel bikes because their design features wider tires with versatile tread patterns that provide stability and traction across varying surfaces, coupled with a robust frame and adaptable geometry that handle well under different conditions, making them ideal for riders who enjoy exploring diverse landscapes.

What type of gear system is best for a gravel bike?

The best type of gear system for a gravel bike depends on the terrain and rider preference, with both 1x and 2x systems being popular choices due to their range and simplicity. Both systems have their merits, with the choice largely depending on the specific demands of the gravel routes you plan to tackle and your personal preferences for gear simplicity versus versatility.

  1. 1x Gear System: This system uses a single front chainring with a wide-range rear cassette, typically 11-12 speeds, making it simpler and lighter than traditional setups. A 1x system reduces the likelihood of chain drop and mechanical issues while providing sufficient gearing for most gravel conditions. Popular models include SRAM’s Apex 1 and Rival 1, which offer reliable performance with cassettes that can go up to a 42t cog, ensuring coverage for steep climbs and fast flats.
  2. 2x Gear System: Offers a broader range of gears with two chainrings in the front and a multi-speed cassette in the rear, suitable for riders who encounter varied terrain requiring precise gear changes. This setup is ideal for those who need tighter gear steps for maintaining optimal cadence. Shimano’s GRX lineup provides specific gravel components with a 2x option that typically uses a 30-34t low gear on the cassette combined with smaller, more tightly spaced chainrings for smooth shifting across a wider range of conditions.

Which types of gravel bikes should I consider?

When considering which types of gravel bikes to select, assess your intended use to choose between adventure gravel bikes, racing gravel bikes, and bikepacking gravel bikes. Adventure gravel bikes are equipped for durability and comfort, perfect for day-long explorations on mixed terrains; racing gravel bikes are optimized for speed and performance, ideal for competitive events and faster rides; bikepacking gravel bikes are built to carry heavier loads with robust frames and numerous mounting points, suitable for multi-day trips and rougher trails. Each type addresses specific riding goals and terrains, enabling a tailored gravel cycling experience based on personal riding style and adventure aspirations.

Gravel bike vs road bike

Here’s a detailed comparison table outlining the key differences between gravel bikes and road bikes, which highlights how gravel bikes are designed for versatility and comfort across a range of conditions, whereas road bikes are tailored for speed and efficiency on paved roads.

FeatureGravel BikeRoad Bike
GeometryRelaxed with a longer wheelbase and taller head tube for stability on mixed surfaces and comfort over long distances.Aggressive and aerodynamic, optimized for speed and efficiency on smooth, paved surfaces.
TiresWider tires (typically 35mm to 45mm), with tread suitable for various terrains, providing better traction and comfort on rough and loose surfaces.Narrower tires (usually 23mm to 28mm) designed for minimal rolling resistance and speed on smooth roads.
GearingOften features a wider range of gears to handle steep and varied terrain, sometimes equipped with a 1x drivetrain for simplicity and durability.Higher gearing optimized for speed and maintaining high cadences, with a focus on performance during climbs and sprints.
Frame and ForksSturdier and often with more compliance for absorbing road vibrations, sometimes includes additional clearance for larger tires and mud.Lighter and stiffer to enhance responsiveness and acceleration, typically lacking the clearance for larger tires.
HandlebarsFlared handlebars for better control and comfort on unpredictable surfaces, offering multiple hand positions.Standard drop bars that prioritize aerodynamic positioning and speed, often narrower compared to gravel handlebars.
Mounting OptionsEquipped with multiple mounts for racks, fenders, and other gear, making it ideal for touring and long-distance rides.Fewer or no mounting options, focusing on keeping the bike lightweight and streamlined for racing.
BrakesTypically equipped with disc brakes for consistent performance in varied weather conditions and on different terrains.Traditionally used caliper brakes, though modern road bikes are increasingly equipped with disc brakes as well.

Gravel bike vs road bike

Gravel bike vs cyclocross bike

While both gravel and cyclocross bikes are designed for off-road capabilities, gravel bikes are tailored for comfort and versatility over longer mixed terrain rides, whereas cyclocross bikes are specialized for performance and agility in cyclocross racing scenarios. Below is a comparison table highlighting the key differences between gravel bikes and cyclocross bikes, focusing on geometry, tires, gearing, and other specific features.

FeatureGravel BikeCyclocross Bike
GeometryGravel bikes feature a relaxed geometry with a longer wheelbase and taller head tube for stability and comfort over long distances and mixed surfaces.Cyclocross bikes have a more aggressive geometry with a shorter wheelbase and higher bottom bracket for better maneuverability and clearance on cyclocross courses.
TiresWider tires ranging from 35mm to 45mm, designed for varied terrains and comfort, providing better traction on loose and rough surfaces.Narrower tires, typically around 33mm, as per cyclocross regulations, with tread patterns optimized for mud and grass on cyclocross courses.
GearingFeatures a wider range of gears to handle steep, varied terrain, often equipped with a 1x drivetrain for simplicity and durability in rough conditions.Generally has closer-ranged gears suited for short, intense races with frequent accelerations and decelerations, often using a 1x or 2x setup.
Frame and ForksBuilt for durability with added compliance to absorb vibrations from gravel roads, often includes additional clearance for larger tires and mud.Stiffer frame and forks for responsive handling in race conditions, with clearance optimized for mud shedding rather than maximum tire size.
HandlebarsFlared handlebars for better control and multiple hand positions on long rides, enhancing comfort and stability.Typically has standard cyclocross handlebars, which are similar to road bike handlebars but may feature slight modifications for handling in muddy conditions.
BrakesPredominantly equipped with disc brakes for consistent performance in varied weather conditions and across different terrains.Also uses disc brakes, especially in modern designs, to handle muddy and wet conditions effectively, crucial for cyclocross racing.
Mounting OptionsComes with multiple mounting points for racks, fenders, and gear, making it suitable for touring, bikepacking, and adventure rides.Fewer or no mounting options, as cyclocross bikes are designed primarily for racing and not for load carrying or extended touring.

Gravel bike vs cyclocross bike

Gravel bike vs mountain bike

Gravel bikes and mountain bikes are designed for different types of riding. Gravel bikes are versatile and efficient for covering a variety of surfaces including long distances on mixed terrain, while mountain bikes are specialized for off-road performance, providing the necessary durability and features to handle challenging trails and conditions. Below is a comparison table highlighting the key differences between gravel bikes and mountain bikes, focusing on aspects like geometry, tires, gearing, and overall design intent.

FeatureGravel BikeMountain Bike
GeometryGravel bikes have a geometry that is somewhat relaxed for comfort on longer rides but still efficient enough for good pedaling power on varied terrains.Mountain bikes feature more aggressive geometry that prioritizes stability and handling on steep and technical terrains, with slacker head angles and longer wheelbases.
TiresTypically equipped with tires ranging from 35mm to 45mm wide, providing a balance between speed and traction on mixed surfaces.Comes with significantly wider tires, usually 2.0 inches or broader, with deep treads for superior grip and cushioning on rough trails.
GearingGravel bikes often feature a wide range of gears to handle both flat and hilly terrain, commonly using 1x drivetrains for simplicity or 2x for a broader range.Mountain bikes may have similar gear ranges but are optimized for frequent and rapid changes in elevation, often using wide-range cassettes and sometimes 1x setups especially in trail and enduro bikes.
Frame and ForksDesigned to be lightweight yet durable, with enough flexibility to handle road vibrations, and often built with additional clearance for mud and slightly larger tires.Built with robust frames that can withstand the impacts of downhill and trail riding, often equipped with advanced suspension systems including both front and rear shocks.
BrakesAlmost universally equipped with disc brakes for consistent stopping power in varied conditions.Also typically uses disc brakes, with larger rotors and more powerful calipers designed for the extreme demands of mountain biking.
HandlebarsFlared handlebars are common to provide extra control and comfort during longer rides, offering multiple hand positions.Wider flat or riser bars to enhance control and leverage for navigating technical and challenging terrains.
PurposeIdeal for long-distance rides over mixed terrains that include paved roads, gravel paths, and moderate trails.Designed specifically for off-road use, perfect for handling rough and technical trails, including mountainous terrain.
Riding PositionMore upright than road bikes but less so than mountain bikes, striking a balance for endurance and comfort.More upright positions to enhance visibility and control on technical sections, often prioritizing comfort over long distances.

Gravel bike vs mountain bike

Gravel bike vs hybrid bike

While both gravel and hybrid bikes offer versatility, they cater to different types of cyclists with specific needs in terms of performance, comfort, and the terrains they are intended to traverse. Gravel bikes are more performance-oriented for off-road adventures, while hybrid bikes are tailored towards comfort and practicality, particularly in urban settings. Below is a detailed comparison table that outlines the key differences between gravel bikes and hybrid bikes, focusing on features such as geometry, tires, gearing, and general purpose.

FeatureGravel BikeHybrid Bike
GeometryGravel bikes feature a geometry that’s more similar to road bikes but with modifications for comfort and stability on rough terrains, typically having a longer wheelbase and slacker angles.Hybrid bikes blend the features of road and mountain bikes, generally having an upright geometry that prioritizes comfort and versatility over performance.
TiresGravel bikes are equipped with wider tires than road bikes, usually ranging from 35mm to 45mm, designed for traction and comfort on unpaved surfaces.Hybrid bikes often use tires that are wider than road bikes but narrower than gravel bikes, typically around 28mm to 42mm, suitable for paved roads and light gravel paths.
GearingGravel bikes often come with a wide range of gears suitable for varied terrain, using either a 1x or 2x drivetrain to handle steep inclines and rapid descents effectively.Hybrid bikes also feature a versatile gearing range but tend to have gear setups more akin to mountain bikes, suitable for casual riding and commuting with enough range to manage moderate hills.
Frame and ForksGravel bike frames are built to be lightweight yet durable, often featuring additional clearance for tires and sometimes even lightweight suspension forks to handle rougher terrains.Hybrid bike frames are generally built for comfort and stability, with some models featuring suspension forks to absorb road bumps, making them ideal for city commuting and recreational riding.
BrakesGravel bikes typically use disc brakes for their superior stopping power and reliability in all weather conditions and terrains.Hybrid bikes may use either rim brakes or disc brakes; disc brakes are becoming more common for their better performance, especially in wet conditions.
HandlebarsGravel bikes usually have flared drop bars that offer multiple hand positions to help manage comfort over long distances and control on varying terrains.Hybrid bikes often come with flat or riser bars, providing a comfortable upright riding position that is favored for urban cycling and leisure rides.
PurposeGravel bikes are designed for adventure riding, capable of handling a wide range of terrains, from long pavement stretches to rugged gravel paths and everything in between.Hybrid bikes are the all-rounders of the bike world, designed for general leisure, commuting, and fitness riding, excelling in urban environments and on smooth trails.
Riding PositionA slightly more aggressive riding position than hybrid bikes, leaning more towards the performance end while still offering comfort for long rides.Upright and relaxed riding position, emphasizing comfort and ease of use, particularly beneficial for casual riders or those new to cycling.

Gravel bike vs hybrid bike

Are gravel bikes similar to mountain bikes?

No, gravel bikes are not similar to mountain bikes because they are designed primarily for speed and efficiency on less rugged, mixed-surface roads, featuring narrower tires and a more road-oriented geometry than mountain bikes, which are built for handling tough, technical trails with wider tires, more robust frames, and advanced suspension systems. However, both types of bikes offer versatility and the ability to handle off-road conditions, with gravel bikes being better suited for longer rides on gravel and dirt paths, while mountain bikes excel in more extreme off-road environments.

What essential accessories should I consider for my gravel bike?

The essential accessories you should consider for your gravel bike include:

  1. Tubeless Tire Setup: Opting for a tubeless tire setup on your gravel bike can significantly reduce the risk of punctures and allow you to run lower tire pressures for increased comfort and traction on rough terrains.
  2. Gravel-Specific Pedals: Investing in gravel-specific pedals, which often have a wider platform and are more robust, enhances your stability and power transfer while navigating varied surfaces typical in gravel biking.
  3. Navigation Device: A reliable GPS or navigation device is crucial for gravel biking, especially when exploring remote areas, ensuring you can follow your route without getting lost and keep track of your riding stats.
  4. Durable Water Bottles or Hydration Pack: Staying hydrated is key on long gravel rides, so durable water bottles or a hydration pack that can withstand rough riding conditions are essential.
  5. Tool Kit and Spare Tube: A compact tool kit with the essentials for making minor repairs and a spare tube are necessary for addressing common mechanical issues you may encounter while gravel biking.
  6. Handlebar Bag or Frame Bag: For carrying essentials such as tools, snacks, and extra layers, a handlebar bag or frame bag provides convenient storage without significantly affecting the bike’s handling, ideal for longer gravel rides.
  7. Lights: Good quality front and rear lights are important not only for visibility in low-light conditions but also for safety, particularly if your gravel rides extend into dusk or start early in the morning.

What essential accessories should I consider for my gravel bike

What are the top-ranked gravel bike brands?

The top-ranked gravel bike brands and a popular model from each are listed in the table below. These brands are well-regarded in the cycling community for their innovation, quality, and performance, making their models highly sought after by both amateur and professional riders in the gravel biking scene.

BrandPopular Model
CannondaleTopstone Carbon
SpecializedDiverge E5
TrekCheckpoint SL 6
GiantRevolt Advanced 0
BianchiImpulso Allroad GRX


Carbon vs aluminum gravel bike

Both carbon fiber and aluminum materials offer unique benefits, and the choice between a carbon or aluminum gravel bike will depend on individual preferences, budget, and what qualities are most important for your specific riding style and conditions. Below is a detailed comparison table that outlines the key differences between carbon and aluminum gravel bikes, focusing on aspects like weight, ride quality, durability, and cost.

FeatureCarbon Gravel BikesAluminum Gravel Bikes
WeightCarbon frames are generally lighter than aluminum, enhancing the bike’s responsiveness and ease of handling.Aluminum frames are typically heavier than carbon, which may affect acceleration and ease of carrying.
Ride QualityCarbon fiber has natural vibration-damping properties that provide a smoother ride on rough surfaces.Aluminum is stiffer, which can lead to a harsher ride on bumpy terrain, though modern designs often incorporate technology to improve comfort.
DurabilityCarbon is very strong but can be susceptible to impact damage, which might not be visible, requiring careful inspection after crashes.Aluminum is known for its toughness and durability, and any damage such as dents are usually visible, making inspections simpler.
CostCarbon bikes are typically more expensive due to the higher costs of the material and the manufacturing process.Aluminum bikes are generally more budget-friendly, offering good performance at a lower price point.
RepairabilityRepairing carbon can be difficult and expensive, often requiring professional service.Aluminum is easier and less expensive to repair than carbon, with more widespread service availability.
FlexibilityCarbon can be molded into complex shapes that optimize strength and aerodynamics without adding weight.Aluminum is less flexible in terms of shaping, which limits the aerodynamic and comfort benefits it can offer.

Carbon vs aluminum gravel bike

What is the average gravel bike speed?

The average gravel bike speed typically ranges around 20 to 25 kph (12 to 15 mph) on mixed terrain, but this can vary significantly based on factors such as the rider’s fitness, the bike’s setup, the specific terrain being traversed, and weather conditions, making it a versatile choice for both leisurely rides and more spirited cycling adventures.

What is the proper gravel bike tire pressure?

The proper gravel bike tire pressure varies depending on the type of tire and the specific gravel riding category. Here’s a table that outlines recommended tire pressures for clincher, tubular, and tubeless tires across different types of gravel riding. 

Gravel Category


psi (bar)


psi (bar)


psi (bar)

Mixed-Surface40-50 (2.8-3.4)38-48 (2.6-3.3)30-40 (2.1-2.8)
Gravel Racing50-60 (3.4-4.1)48-58 (3.3-4.0)40-50 (2.8-3.4)
Bikepacking35-45 (2.4-3.1)33-43 (2.3-3.0)28-38 (1.9-2.6)
Adventure Riding30-40 (2.1-2.8)28-38 (1.9-2.6)25-35 (1.7-2.4)

What is the proper gravel bike tire pressure

How fast can a gravel bike go?

A gravel bike can go as fast as 25 to 30 kph (15 to 18 mph) on flat, smooth gravel, with speeds potentially increasing on paved roads, depending on rider fitness and wind conditions, illustrating the bike’s versatility and capability to maintain good speeds across various terrains.

How to maintain a gravel bike?

To maintain a gravel bike, you should regularly clean the bike after rides, especially the drivetrain, check for wear on brake pads and tires, lubricate the chain, and ensure all bolts are tightened to the correct torque specifications to keep the bike in optimal condition.

How to fit and adjust a gravel bike?

To fit and adjust a gravel bike, you should set the saddle height so that there is a slight bend in the knee at the bottom of the pedal stroke, adjust the handlebar height and reach for comfortable riding posture, and ensure the tire pressure suits the terrain to maximize comfort and performance.

How to change a gravel bike tire?

To change a gravel bike tire, you should first deflate the tire completely, use tire levers to remove the tire from the rim, replace the tube or repair it if using tubed tires, then reinstall the tire, ensuring it sits evenly on the rim before reinflating it to the recommended pressure.

How to inflate gravel bike tires?

To inflate gravel bike tires, you should attach a pump to the valve (making sure it matches the valve type, either Presta or Schrader), inflate the tire gradually, checking the pressure with a gauge to ensure it falls within the recommended range for your specific tire and riding conditions, and then securely replace the valve cap.

How can I upgrade my gravel bike for better performance?

To upgrade your gravel bike for better performance, consider the following enhancements, each designed to optimize specific aspects of your riding experience.

  1. Lightweight Wheels: Upgrading to lighter, more durable carbon fiber wheels reduces rotational mass, improving acceleration and climbing efficiency. Lighter wheels also enhance handling responsiveness on varied terrains.
  2. Tubeless Tires: Switching to tubeless tires allows you to run lower pressures without the risk of pinch flats, which improves traction and comfort on rough surfaces. Tubeless setups also reduce overall weight and can seal small punctures automatically.
  3. Carbon Handlebars: Installing carbon handlebars can reduce vibration transmitted to your hands on rough terrains, increasing comfort during long rides. Carbon bars also shave off weight and can improve the bike’s overall aesthetics.
  4. Electronic Shifting System: Integrating an electronic shifting system, such as Shimano Di2 or SRAM eTap, provides faster, more reliable gear changes. This is especially useful in races or long rides where consistent performance is crucial.
  5. Upgraded Drivetrain Components: Enhancing your drivetrain with higher-end components (e.g., lighter, more durable cranksets, and cassettes) can improve the efficiency of power transfer and durability. Look for materials like carbon fiber or high-grade aluminum.
  6. Adjustable Seatpost: Adding a lightweight carbon fiber adjustable seatpost can provide better control and comfort, especially on descents where lowering the saddle can increase stability and maneuverability.
  7. Better Brakes: Upgrading to higher-performance disc brakes ensures reliable stopping power in all weather conditions, crucial for the safety and control of gravel biking, which often involves variable and unpredictable surfaces.

How can I upgrade my gravel bike for better performance

How much do I have to spend on a gravel bike?

The amount you may need to spend on a gravel bike varies widely depending on the level of cycling and the specific needs of different types of riders. Here’s a breakdown to give you an idea of the cost associated with each level.

  1. Beginners: Entry-level gravel bikes are a great starting point for those new to the sport. You can expect to spend around $800 to $1,200. These bikes typically feature aluminum frames and basic components.
  2. Amateur/Enthusiast: For amateur riders who want a more capable setup for regular riding, prices range from $1,200 to $2,500. Bikes in this range often come with more durable components, better wheelsets, and sometimes lighter materials like lower-end carbon frames.
  3. Advanced/Competitive Riders: Advanced cyclists looking for high-performance bikes with premium components and lighter materials, such as high-quality carbon fiber, can expect to spend between $2,500 and $4,000. These bikes offer better durability, enhanced comfort, and improved aerodynamics.
  4. Professional/Serious Competitors: Professional-level gravel bikes are the pinnacle of technology and design, featuring top-tier components, advanced frame technologies, and the best available materials. Prices for these bikes start from $4,000 and can exceed $6,000 or more.
  5. Senior/Junior Riders: The price range for senior and junior riders doesn’t necessarily differ from others, as it more so depends on the bike’s features and the rider’s specific needs. However, lighter bikes with easy handling features might be preferable, which can be found in both mid-range and high-end price categories.

Overall, the cost of a gravel bike depends heavily on the specifications and quality of components you choose. For any level, it’s important to balance budget with the kind of riding you plan to do to ensure you get a bike that best meets your needs.

Are wider gravel bike handlebars better?

Yes, wider gravel bike handlebars are generally considered better because they provide more control and leverage, which is particularly beneficial on rough and variable terrains where stability is crucial. Wider bars allow for a more natural arm position, reducing fatigue and increasing comfort during long rides. However, the ideal width should be balanced with the rider’s body size and the specific trail conditions, as excessively wide bars can make navigating through tight spaces more challenging and may not be necessary for smoother gravel paths.

How to clean a gravel bike?

To clean a gravel bike, start by rinsing off loose dirt and mud with a low-pressure hose or bucket of water to avoid damaging the bearings and paintwork. Then, use a soft brush and a mild soap solution to scrub the frame, drivetrain, and wheels, paying special attention to removing grime from the gears and brakes, followed by rinsing thoroughly and drying with a clean cloth to prevent rust.